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About dental plaque and about tartar. Causes and tips for prevention.
27 Nov. 2019

About dental plaque and about tartar. Causes and tips for prevention.

We all take care of our body but sometimes we do not pay so much attention to our oral health. This means to take care of our teeth and gums in order to be sure that they function properly.

Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria that forms on our teeth, especially along the gum line. Plaque buildup can result in gum disease and tooth decay. It sticks to your fillings and to your dental work, it can damage your tooth enamel. Tartar is calcified plaque. It appears when plaque accumulates and is not regularly removed by brushing your teeth at least twice a day, by flossing and by doing your regular professional cleanings. Tartar (dental calculus)forms bellow the gum line. It can lead to gum disease and to receding gums. You can’t remove tartar, it is only removed in a dental office, using some special tools. The most common sign of tartar is a yellow or a brown hard deposit between the lower front teeth or at the gum line.

Plaque develops when food particles are frequently left on the teeth. Bacteria that live in the mouth produces acids that attack our teeth enamel. It will also result in bad breath and other oral health issues.

Causes of dental plaque and tartar accumulation. Prevention measures.



  • Not brushing your teeth at least twice a day and flossing daily.In order to avoid plaque and calculus, brush your teeth with a soft bristled toothbrush and pay attention to the space where teeth and gums meet. Floss to remove food particles and bacteria. Use a mouthwash to reduce bacteria in your mouth.
  • Studies have shown that electric toothbrushes remove plaque better than the manual ones. So buy and use one.
  • Smoking accelerates tartar formation. Studies have proved that people who smoke are more likely to develop tartar.
  • Bad diet. Sugary and starchy foods affect your teeth, so limit at maximum these kind of foods. After consuming them, do not forget to drink plenty of water. Bacteria love carbohydrates like sugar. Eating sweets allows sugar to stick to your teeth, giving bacteria something to feed on. The bacteria creates film of plaque and they transform sugar into acids which attack the teeth. This is why you should eat nutritious food (yoghurt, cheese, fruits, vegetables). Celery for example help remove food particles and help saliva neutralize plaque-causing acids.
  • Regular professional cleanings. Do not forget to visit your dentist twice a year to do your cleanings.

As you may see, once tartar is formed on your teeth, you can’t remove it by yourself. You have to see adentist for a professional cleaning. Please bear in mind that you should daily take care of your gums and teeth and visit your dentist at least twice a year for regular check-ups. Call today Dr. Arhiri to make an appointment. We are more than gad to help you with any issues you may have.