Sudden tooth pain? Here’s what might be causing it
10 May. 2024

Sudden tooth pain? Here’s what might be causing it

Experiencing sudden tooth pain can be distressing and disruptive, affecting your ability to eat, speak, and concentrate. While tooth pain can stem from various causes, understanding the potential reasons behind it can help you address the issue promptly and seek appropriate treatment.


Here, we explore some common culprits behind sudden tooth pain and what you can do about them:

Dental Decay: One of the most prevalent causes of sudden tooth pain is dental decay, commonly known as cavities. When bacteria in the mouth feed on sugars and starches, they produce acids that erode the tooth enamel, leading to decay. As the decay progresses, it can expose the sensitive inner layers of the tooth, causing sharp or throbbing pain, especially when chewing or consuming hot or cold foods and beverages.

Depending on the extent of decay, treatment may involve dental fillings, crowns, or in severe cases, root canal therapy to remove infected tissue.


Tooth Fracture: A cracked or fractured tooth can cause sudden, intense pain, particularly when biting down or releasing pressure. Tooth fractures can result from various factors, including trauma, teeth grinding (bruxism), or biting into hard objects.

Treatment for a fractured tooth depends on the severity and location of the fracture. Options may include dental bonding, crowns, or in severe cases, extraction followed by replacement with a dental implant or bridge.

Gum Disease: Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, occurs when bacteria and plaque accumulate along the gumline, leading to inflammation and infection. In its early stages (gingivitis), gum disease may cause mild discomfort and bleeding gums. However, as it progresses to periodontitis, it can cause severe tooth pain, gum recession, and even tooth loss.

Treatment for gum disease typically involves professional dental cleanings, scaling and root planing to remove plaque and tartar, and in advanced cases, surgical procedures such as gum flap surgery or bone grafting.


Tooth Abscess: A tooth abscess is a pocket of pus that forms in the tooth or the surrounding gums due to a bacterial infection. It often develops as a complication of untreated dental decay or gum disease and can cause severe, throbbing pain, swelling, and fever.

Treating a tooth abscess usually involves draining the abscess, removing the infected tissue (root canal therapy), and administering antibiotics to clear the infection. In some cases, extraction may be necessary.

Sudden tooth pain can indicate various underlying dental or medical issues, ranging from dental decay and fractures to gum disease and sinus infections. If you experience sudden or persistent tooth pain, it’s essential to consult a dentist!

At Premier Smiles  we want to create beautiful and healthy smiles! If you have any dental problems contact us now and lets solve it!